Baste: Make long temporary stitches by hand or matching.
Bias: Diagonal direction of fabric (45 degrees slant from vertical or horizontal grain).
Bodice: The upper part of the body covering the neck to the waist.
CB: Center Back (lines up with the spine or center back of the body).
CF: Center Front (lines up with the midpoint of the front body).
Dart: Triangle created to help mold fabric to the contours of the body (bust, hips, shoulders).
Ease: Fitting seams of unequal length so excess fabric won't appear to pleat or buckle.
Gather: Make row of running stitches which, by pulling the thread, controls fullness.
Gore: A shaped, tapered section of a skirt, dress or coat which is wider at the lower edge.
Grain: Direction of woven thread of the fabric.
Lining: Fabric used to cover interior of garment or section of garment.
Marking: Transfer of lines, seams or marks from pattern to fabric
Muslin: A plain woven cotton used for draping patterns, or creating a fabric "draft" of a paper pattern. The term "muslin" applies to this cloth draft which is used to control fit, proportion and design.
Notch: A small mark on the seam allowance of patterns used to match seams.
Paper Pattern: Blueprint used in the creation of garments.
Pin baste: Pinning seams or darts before stitching
Pinking: Use of shears with zigzag blades for cutting fabric edge or finishing cut edges.
Seam: The line formed by sewing together parts of a garment or edges of fabric.
Seam Allowance: Width of fabric beyond seam line which is generally 1/4-inch for doll clothes.
Selvage: Narrow, woven border on lengthwise edges of woven fabrics.
Sloper: The basic pattern, created from the body's strategic measurements, has no seam allowance and is used as a foundation template in the creation of other garments. Also called (in the UK) a "block."
Straight of Grain: The vertical threads of fabric are perpendicular from horizontal threads.
Tack: Hand sew two fabric surfaces together with small, loose stitches.
Top stitching: A line of stitching made on outside of garment parallel to seams.
Trim: To cut away excess fabrics