Friday, June 1, 2018

Martin Margiela's Mad Revolution

For those of us fashionistas who lived through the 1980’s, it was a decade of sumptuous fashion that was sexy, flirty, pretty, glamorous and, at times, downright fun. But not everybody was on board. Hiding in the shadows in the atelier of French designer, Jean Paul Gaultier, was a young Belgian named Martin Margiela. He was against everything my favorite decade represented: from the omnipresence of designer logos to the planned obsolesce of the fashion trends. As the 1980’s drew to a close, we found ourselves facing a Gulf War, economic constraints AND….a radical revolution within the fashion world itself.
"Recoup" A gown is belted and worn as a skirt.
The lining is pulled out and worn as a top

Considered one of the most atypical and mysterious designers of his generation, Martin Margiela with his conceptual collections, his predilection for deconstruction and recycled materials, his catwalk shows  staged at unusual venues (warehouses, car parks, a metro station even a waste land site) quickly became one of the most talked about and the most imitated  designers of his generation. He never made a single public appearance nor did he give personal interviews. Instead, journalists  were responded to  by fax in the first person plural as a gesture of respect to his team and as a statement in response to the celebrity cults dominating the fashion world at that time. As a reaction to the rise (and importance) of the supermodel, Margiela often covered the faces of girls in his shows. In 1988 Margiela set out on his own and launched a totally new movement which not only challenged the existing system but completely changed the course of fashion itself. “Grunge” otherwise known as ripped jeans, repurposed vintage clothes, deconstruction (garment linings and lingerie introduced as outerwear), rough cut hems, the helter-skelter of mixing patterns and prints…most of what we see on the streets of today can be attributed to this rebel. Don’t get me wrong!  Me and my girls are NOT….repeat…NOT fans of grunge! So when we arrived in Paris only to learn there were—not one, but two exhibitions devoted to Martin Margiela, the man I feel launched the “anti-fashion,” grunge movement of the 1990’s, we found ourselves a bit perplexed.
Scavaging style. Existing garments are reconstructed into "new clothes.

“Martin Margiela: 1989-2009” currently on at the Palais Galliera,  is the first retrospective in Paris devoted to Margiela. It  examines  the designer’s conceptual approach in challenging the aesthetics of his time. His anti-1980’s movement is the starting point—deconstructed garments he recuperated from vintage shops then put back together with the seams on the outside. With the help of 100 garments accompanied by catwalk videos and installations, visitors are led through the evolution of his twenty year career. The intimate installations throughout the museum provides an up close and personal look at how Margiela constructed garments by deconstructing them, exposing the lining and other unfinished parts, thus revealing the different stages of manufacture: pleats, shoulder pads, patterns, bastings and all.
 The designer thinks of new ways to wear clothes and new materials like the shirt and dress (left) which are made from stockings.
Margiela often transformed recuperated items and objects into works of fashion. Here, gloves are stitched together into a bustier.
Interestingly enough, even Barbie has a presence in this show. Margiela often pushed the scale of a garment to extremes, enlarging the proportions to 200%. With his “Barbie Collection” he was inspired by  doll clothes and how the fabric and the closures are often oversized for the scale of the doll. This “error” is reinterpreted for humans with the use of supersized buttons, snaps and yarn.
Margiela studies Barbie and the proportions of the elements used in the construction of her clothes. In this case, the oversized yarn used to make her sweater and giant snaps serve as inspiration for the human series of sweaters.
The exhibition walks visitors through the designer’s rebellious era complete with clothes that looked as though they were lifted straight off the racks of the Salvation Army to Margiela’s last show where, more experimentation was made in terms of construction. In contrast to the beginning of his label, Margiela made an about face and embraced the swollen shoulders  and proportions of a fashion era he initially rejected.

From human hair wigs on the left to a supersized "Chanel" knitted jacket on the right, everything was fair game when it came to imagining new creations. At the end of his career, Margiela reconsiles with the big shoulders of the 1980's (center).
The exhibition, which is very well mounted, is both aesthetically shocking and enlightening at the same time. No matter how you find his work, one comes away with a newfound appreciation for his “art.” Margiela’s story doesn’t end here, however.

The down comforter coat. One basic coat with the option of changing the "cover"

 Margiela loved to use vintage scarves for his dresses.

Long before Kanye West's Yeezy stocking boots, Margiela had already created them.
The beginning of the ripped jeans craze!

Within his 20 year career, Margiela was commissioned to design ten womenswear collections for the 132 year old prestigious house of Hermes. From 1997 to 2003, Margiela developed a vision in which the woman’s way of living standards was essential to the design of the garment.  For the Hermes woman, Margiela developed a gradually evolving wardrobe made up of individual pieces that contributed to the comfort, quality and timelessness of the basic look.  He presented his collections on "real women" of varying images and body types as his fashions were always harmonized with the wearer.

Two looks in one thanks to the addition of an overskirt.

It's Martin Margiela but classically executed for Hermes.
This second exhibition—which goes on until mid-September focuses on Margiela’s collaboration, his love for tradition and tailoring. Margiela: The Hermes Years can be perceived as a vast wardrobe, in which the two worlds of Martin Margiela  engage in dialogue with one another.

What first may seem to be irreconcilable worlds of luxury and avant garde,  are brought together as part of a single vision, in which ideas and concepts that span collection and seasons are recaptured, rethought, or even refined. For me, here is where I could best appreciate the talent of a man I had previously dismissed. Many of the concepts introduced in his own signature line were elaborated and refined for Hermes. Aesthetically, the silhouettes remain faithfully simple.

The stole jacket. Essentially a shawl or stole but with pockets that result in the look of a jacket!
The “originality” lies in the multipurpose nature of each garment. The concept of a down comforter coat with covers that snap over it and transform into a multitude of looks is very smart. Other favorites: the shawl with pockets that provide a trompe l’oeil jacket; a basic dress given a new look thanks to a leather apron that wraps around.

Both exhibitions provide an in-depth and well rounded look at a man who remained invisibly in the background of his work. They also yield a few very interesting items—Margiela’s “flat” garments--that I found useful for my girls. Okay, they won’t be wearing grunge anytime soon, but they did see a few things they found quite intriguing. In my next post, I will be following up with a “Behind the Design” post to show you what I found interesting and how I adapted it for my dolls.

“Martin Margiela: 1989-2009” Musée de la Mode de la Ville de Paris (Palais Galliera). 10, avenue Pierre-Ier-de-Serbie 75116 Paris Entry : 10 Euros. Open Tues-Sun 10am-6pm (Thurs until 9pm) through July 15.
“Margiela: Les annees Hermes. Musee des Arts Decoratifs. 107, rue de Rivoli, 75001 Paris. Entry : 11 Euros. Open Tues-Sun 11am-6pm (Open Thurs until 9pm) through September 2.
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  1. When I started reading this post I thought "oh dear", but now I'm "oh my", I can't wait for your behind the design post and I love the fact that you've already been inspired by him in previous designs.

    Where do I begin, dollies glove top, the stole with pockets, the duvet coat, the leather apron over a long lean look, the oversize wool knits, I'm dizzy.

    1. Oh yeah!!! When I arrived in Paris and heard there were 2 major exhibitions on this guy, my reaction was...WHY??!! I never cared for grunge and never saw Margiela as real fashion. However, I must admit...when I saw how his "rough concepts" from his own collection were reinterpreted for the conservatively dressed Hermes customer, I was forced to look deeper below the surface. And when applied with other fabrics and perhaps a tad bit of fitting or slightly recut...I found some really good ideas there that could be applied to doll fashion. I'm nearly finished with the next post which should be up in a day.

  2. Well, boring his clothes were certainly not :-). I remember the human wigs very well, they made me shiver actually lol! But I do have a huge respect for Margiela's work, it's original and more about statements than wearable fashion I guess. Your versions are awesome, the gloves top is super! Great post April, very informative and interesting!

    1. Sorry for the delay in responding. No, Margiela's work was never boring...I just could never figure out why it was called "fashion." The exhibitions really enhanced his work. But before recommending this exhibition to my friends, I warned them to see this as "art" and not "fashion." Nonetheless, he was one of the most copied designer of his time. The ripped jeans which are still worn today can be attributed to Margiela! The glove top was really fun!

  3. Well, it's hard to say I like his creation. There are some outfits that looks great - like the scarf-skirts or the black outfit with overskirt. Barbie-like fashion is quite fun. But rest is just to... bizzare for me. ;)

    Nevertheless I love your versions, especially the one out of gloves and with stocking boots. :)

    1. Well Kamelia....I admit..... I was not in a rush to see these exhibitions at first. But the way they were displayed really gave me a better insight to this designer's mindset. I was a little intrigued by his use of "objects" transformed into clothes (like the glove bustier), but I was NEVER a fan of grunge. But I found a few really good ideas which, with other fabrics, translate into something quite lovely which you will see next. And you're right. The Barbie scaled fashions (even those I would NEVER wear myself) are always fun.

  4. Replies
    1. Thank you Dlubaniny. Happy you enjoyed this post with its most unusual fashions!

  5. Another wonderful article & fashions! Hugs.

    1. Thank you. Glad you enjoyed this. Big hugs back!

  6. Are you ok April? You usually answer your comments within a day or so, I hope you're well and on holiday somewhere sunny out of broadband range.

    1. Hi Karen. Thank you so much for your concern. Just before leaving Paris, I was commissioned to write an article for a magazine in LA. And then there was the whirlwind of seeing friends. And then there was all the rose wine....and then there was the trip back across the ocean and the JETLAG!!! Was feeling a bit burned out for a moment. But I'm back and feeling much better.

  7. Glad you're ok and had a fun time. Didn't mean to put pressure on you to reply just seemed out of character which worried me.


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